Horticultural Research Institute (HRI)

Historical notes

Horticultural Research Institute (HRI) was established in 1972 as Horticultural Division, Department of Agriculture. In 1984, it had been upgraded and renamed Horticultural Research Institute which comprises of 6 Horticultural Research Centers (HRC) and 20 Horticultural Research Stations (HRS). According to the reorganization within the Department of Agriculture in 2015, HRI now cooperate with 10 Horticultural Research Centers to conduct research work for developing horticultural industry of the country.

Vision

To be the centre of excellence in knowledge and expertise in horticulture as well as the leader in developing horticultural industry of the country on the basis of natural resources, conservation and friendly environment management.

Mission

  • To strengthen the ability of personnel in doing research work and developing suitable technologies for Thai horticulture.
  • To handle research work and develop sustainable production technologies which are environmental friendly.
  • To transfer horticultural knowledge and practical technologies to target groups; including public and private agencies as well as farmers, so that they effectively achieve their goals.

 

 

Organization of Horticultura Research Institute

1. Headquarter

1.1 Administration

1.2 Academic Research

1.3 Agro-tourism

2. Research Center

2.1 Chiang Rai Horticultural Research Center

2.2 Chiang Mai Royal Agricultural Research Center

2.3 Sukhothai Horticultural Research Center

2.4 Phetchabun Horticultural  Research Center

2.5 Loie Horticultural Research Center

2.6 Srisaket Horticultural Research Center

2.7 Chantaburi Horticultural Research Center

2.8 Chumporn Horticultural Research Center

2.9 Trang Horticultural Research Center

2.10 Yala Horticultural Research Center

Academic research group is divided into 5 sections according to the commodity research which includes fruits, herbs and medicinal plants, flowers and ornamentals, vegetables, and industrial fruit crops.

Tropical and subtropical fruits:

1. Collection and conservation of genetic resources.

2. Production and management for high quality fruit with stable yield.

3. Breeding program for disease or drought tolerant cultivars with good quality and high yield.

4. Cooperation with national and international organization to establish safety and environmental friendly production system and to study some suitable foreign fruit cultivars to grow in Thailand.

Industrial fruit crops:

1. Breeding program for high yielding varieties with good quality fruits.

2. Development of rapid and effective propagation technology.

3. Post harvest handling of fresh produce and processing technology for high value-added products.

4. Cooperation with national and international organization to establish safety and environmental friendly production system and to study some suitable foreign cultivars to grow in Thailand.

Vegetables:

1. Collection and conservation of genetic resources.

2. Production and management technology for most efficient outcome.

3. Breeding program aiming at high yield with high nutrition value.

4. Cooperation with national and international organization to enhance safety and environmental friendly production and to study some suitable foreign vegetable cultivars to grow in Thailand.

Herbs and medicinal plants:

1. Collection and conservation of local/wild species and evaluation of their medicinal effects.

2. Development of propagation and production technologies.

3. Processing technology for highest medical quality of the products.

4. Utilization of local herbs and medicinal plants.

5. Breeding program for high yielding varieties with high medicinal substance.

6. Cooperation with national and international organization to establish safety and environmental friendly production system 

Flowers and ornamentals:

1. Conservation of endangered species of orchids and local flowers specific to the regions.

2. Technology development for low-cost production with high quality of cut-flowers.

3. Breeding technology for new varieties of orchid, curcuma, water lily torch ginger and anthurium.

4. Cooperation with national and international organization to establish safety and environmental friendly production system 

HRCs and their research responsibilities

Chiang Rai Horticulture Research Center

Chiang Rai HRC was established in 1972 as Chiang Rai Agricultural Station and was renamed Chiang rai Field Crops Experiment Station in 1973. According to the reorganization within the Department of Agriculture under the National Agricultural Research Project (NARP) in 1982, it has been upgraded and renamed Chiang Rai Horticultural Research Centre. Chiang Rai HRC is approximately 844 km. north of Bangkok. It is located at 19o52’ N and 99o47’ E at the elevation of 400 m. The total area is approximately 308 hectares. Chiang Rai HRC has subtropical climate with an average annual rainfall of 1,483.3 mm. and 74.9% of relative humidity. The mean annual temperature is 25.2°C while the average minimum and maximum temperatures are 19.7 °C and 31.1 °C, respectively.

Chiang Rai HRC is responsible for implementing research works on commercial horticultural crops in the upper north region as follow:

  1. Fruit crops: litchi, longan, pummelo, pineapple, tangerine
  2. Ornamental crops: curcuma, orchid, fern
  3. Vegetable crops: cabbage, potato, sugar pea, ginger, mushroom
  4. Medicinal crops: jiaogulan, roselle
  5. Industrial fruit crops: macadamia, Arabica coffee, oil palm,
  6. Other crops: rubber 

Contact : Chiang Rai Horticultural Research Center

Muang, Chiang Rai, 57000

Tel  : 66 5 317 0100, 66 5 317 0102  Fax : 66 5 317 0103  

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Chiang Mai Royal Agricultural Research Center 

The Chiang Mai Royal Agricultural Research Center (CMRARC) was inspired by His Majesty King Bhumibol Adulyadej in 1980 after he visited the pasture grassland of the hill tribes at Mae Win sub district, Mae Wang District, Chiang Mai. After that, he assigned the Horticultural Division to establish a highland agricultural experimental station to do research and propagate the high land crops such as temperate vegetables, temperate fruits, floral crops and coffee. It was named Khun-Wang Royal Agricultural Experimental Station until 1996 when it was upgraded to be a research center and officially called Chiang Mai Royal Agricultural Research Center (CMRARC) underneath the Horticultural Research Institute (HRI), Department of Agriculture (DOA). The centre is approximately 714 km. north of Bangkok. It is located at 18o63’ N and 98o51’ E, at the elevation of 1,300 -1,400 m. Apart from the main area of the centre at Khun-Wang (Mae Wang district) which has approximately 72 hectared, there are other 4 experimental sites at Mae Hea (Hang Dong district) Mae Chon Luang (Mae Chem district), Pong Noi (Mae Wang district) and Pa Ngam (Mae Wang district) which cover the areas of 16, 200, 59.2 and 16 hectares, respectively. Chiang Mai RARC has subtropical climate with an average annual rainfall of 1,900 mm. with strong winds in the winter. The average maximum temperature is 33-36 °C and 10-15 °C for the minimum.

Chiang Mai RARC is responsible for implementing research works on commercial horticultural crops in the upper north region as follow:

  1. Fruit crops: strawberry, peach, grape, plum, nectarine, persimmon, pomegranate
  2. Ornamental crops: orchid, fern
  3. Vegetable crops: potato, temperate vegetables
  4. Medicinal crops: jiaogulan, Ma-khwan(Chinese pepper)
  5. Industrial fruit crops: macadamia, Arabica coffee, tea, Chinese chestnut

Contact :

Chiang Mai Royal Agricultural Research Center

313  Moo. 12,  Nongkuai, Hang Dong, Chiang Mai, 50230

Tel  : 66 5 311 4133 36  Fax : 66 5 311 4072

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Sukhothai Horticulture Research Center

Sukhothai HRC was established in 1943 as Thachai Agricultural station and became Thachai Experiment Station in 1973. Under the reorganization of the Department of Agriculture in 2009, it has been upgraded and renamed Sukhothai Horticultural research Centre. The centre is approximately 485 km. north of Bangkok. It is located at 17o28’ N and 99o50’ E, at the elevation of 86 m. The total area is approximately 105 hectares. Sukhothai HRC has tropical climate with an average annual rainfall of 1,200 mm. and 65% of relative humidity. The mean annual temperature is 27.6 °C while the average minimum and maximum temperatures are 22.2 °C and 33.0 °C, respectively.

Sukhothai HRC undertakes research works on commercial horticultural crops in the lower north region as follow:

  1. Fruit crops: banana, mango, pummelo, sapodilla, lime, marian plum
  2. Vegetable crops: chili, sweet potato

Contact :

Sukhothai Horticultural Research Center

Tha Chai, srisatchanalai, Sukhothai, 64190

Tel  : 66 5 567 9084 5, 66 9 3169 7822  Fax : 66 5 567 9085

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Phetchabun Highland Agricultural Research Center 

Phetchabun Highland Agricultural Research Center belongs to Horticulture Research Institute, Department of Agriculture, Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives, was established in December 22, 1983 by His Majesty King Bhumibol, as khao kho Highland Agricultural Research Station. After that, it was renamed many times in 2002, 2006, 2009 and 2016 which was renamed to Phetchabun Highland Agricultural Research Center. The centre is approximately 390 km. north of Bangkok. It is located at 16o38’ N and 100o59’ E, at the elevation of 86 m. The total area is approximately 133.44  hectares with 1-30% of the area slope on the Phetchabun Mountain and has the elevation of 600-700 m. Phetchabun HARC has tropical climate with an average annual rainfall of 900-3,000 mm. The average minimum and maximum temperatures are -4.0 °C and 30.0 °C, respectively.

Phetchabun HARC is responsible for implement research works on highland commercial horticulture crops in the lower north region as follow:

  1. Fruit crops: tamarind, strawberry
  2. Ornamental crops: orchid, fern, curcuma, water lily
  3. Vegetable crops: ginger, chayote, chili, green bean
  4. Medicinal crops: jiaogulan, turmeric
  5. Industrial fruit crops: macadamia, Arabica coffee, avocado, tea, olive oil
  6. Other Crops: corn, rubber

Contact :

Phetchabun Highland Horticultural Research Center

Sado Phong, Khao kho, Phetchabun, 67270

Tel  : 66 5 681 0024 5, 66 8 9270 0061 Fax : 66 5 681 0024 5

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Loie Horticulture Research Center

Loie HRC was established in 1986 as Phu Rua Highland Agricultural Experiment Station. In 1989, it has been under the Horticultural Research Institute, Department of Agriculture. It has been upgraded and renamed Loie Horticultural Research Center since 2012. The centre is approximately 490 km. northeast of Bangkok. It is located at 17°27´ N and 101°21´E at the elevation of 900-1,000 m. The total area is approximately 160.32 hectares. Loie HRC has subtropical climate with an average annual rainfall of 1,575 mm. The average minimum and maximum temperatures are 17.0 °C and 27.0 °C, respectively.

Loie HRC is responsible for the research works on commercial horticultural crops in the northeast as follow:

  1. Fruit crops: peach, persimmon, Asian pear, strawberry,
  2. Ornamental crops: temperate flowers
  3. Vegetable crops: temperate vegetables
  4. Industrial fruit crops: macadamia, Chinese chestnut    

Contact :

Loei Horticultural Research Center

Paba, Phu Ruea, Loei, 62160

Tel  : 66 4 289 1199, 66 4 289 1398, 66 8 7860 2221  Fax : 66 4 289 1398

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Srisaket HRC

Srisaket HRC was established in 1974 as Srisaket Horticultural Experiment Station. Under the National Agricultural Research Project (NARP), it has been upgraded and renamed Srisaket Horticultural Research Centre since 1982. The centre is approximately 550 km. northeast of Bangkok. It is located at 15°04´ N and 104°15´E at the elevation of 126 m. The total area is approximately 175 hectares. Srisaket HRC has tropical climate with an average annual rainfall of 1,553 mm. and 45.9% of relative humidity. The average minimum and maximum temperatures are 22.1 °C and 32.5 °C, respectively.

Srisaket HRC is responsible for the research works on commercial horticultural crops in the northeast as follow:

1.      Fruit crops: tamarind, papaya, mango

2.   2.   Ornamental crops: jasmine, orchid, water lily, lotus,  chrysanthemum, scented flowers

3.   Vegetable crops: chili, garlic, shallot, tomato, pumpkin

4.   Medicinal crops: roselle, plai, turmeric

5.   Industrial fruit crops: cashew nut, robusta coffee   

Contact :

Srisaket Horticultural Research Center

Nong Phai, Muang, Srisaket, 33000

Tel  : 66 4 561 4581, 66 8 1373 0924  Fax : 66 4 561 4561

Chantaburi Horticulture Research Center

Chanthaburi HRC was established in 1986 under the National Agricultural Research Project (NARP).  It is located at 12º5'N and 102º2'E at the elevation of 24 m., approximately 269 km. east of Bangkok.  Apart from the main area of the centre at Khlung district which has approximately 176 hectared, there are another 2 experimental sites at Eastern-coast Commercial Fruit Development Centre (Huay Sapanhin) and Chanthaburi Agricultural Research and Development Centre (Thungpen) which cover the areas of 144 and 48 hectares, respectively.  Chanthaburi HRC has tropical climate with an average annual rainfall of 3,358 mm. and 78% relative humidity.  The average minimum and maximum temperatures are 27.7ºC and 31.7ºC, respectively.

Chantaburi HRC handles research works on commercial horticultural crops in the eastern region as follow:

  1. Fruit crops: durian, mangosteen. rambutan, salacca, longkong, pineapple, longan, mango, santol
  2. Ornamental crops: orchid, fern, native ornamental plants
  3. Medicinal crops: cinnamon, pepper, vanilla, cardamom, blue trumpet vine
  4. Industrial fruit crops: cocoa 

Contact :

Chantaburi Horticultural Research Center

Tapon, Klung, Chantaburi, 21100

Tel  : 66 3 939 7030, 66 8 1378 2455  Fax : 66 4 3 939 7236

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Chumporn Horticulture Research Center

Chumporn HRC was established in 1960 as Sawi Agricultural Station and later became Sawi Experimental Station. Under the National Agricultural Research Project (NARP), it has been upgraded and renamed Chumporn Horticultural Research Centre since 1982. Chumporn HRC is approximately 522 km south of Bangkok. It is located at 10°29´N and 99°11´E at the elevation of 5 m. The total area is approximately 272 hectares. Chumporn HRC has tropical monsoon climate with an average annual rainfall of 2,057 mm. The average maximum relative humidity is 92% during October and November while the average minimum relative humidity is 56% during February and April. The average minimum and maximum temperatures are 22.5 °C and 31.8 °C, respectively.

Chumporn HRC undertakes research works on commercial horticultural crops in the southern region as follow:

  1. Fruit crops: pineapple, durian, pummelo, rambutan,  mangosteen
  2. Medicinal herbs and spices: vanilla, turmeric, galangal, betel nut
  3. Ornamental crops: wild orchid, anthurium
  4. Industrial fruit crops: coconut, Robusta coffee, cocoa

Contact : 

Chumporn Horticultural Research Center

P.O.Box.3, Sawi, Chumporn, 86130

Tel  : 66 7 755 6073, 66 7 755 6026, 66 7 755 6194 Fax : 66 7 755 6026

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Trang Horticulture Research Center

Trang HRC was established under the National Agricultural Research Project (NARP) in 1988 as Trang Horticultural Experiment Station. It has been upgraded and renamed Trang Hortcultural Research Centre in 1996. The centre is approximately 853 km. south of Bangkok and Chumporn. It is located at 7°34´ N and 99°21´ E at the elevation of 14 m. The total area is approximately 384 hectares. Trang HRC has tropical climate with an average annual rainfall of 2196 mm. and 80% of relative humidity.  The mean annual temperature is 27.4°C while the minimum and maximum temperatures are 26.4°C in November and 34.0°C in April, respectively.

Trang HRC is responsible for research works on commercial horticultural crops in the southern region as follow:

  1. Fruit crops: longkong, mangosteen, jackfruit
  2. Ornamental crops: orchid, torch ginger, anthurium
  3. Vegetable crops: stink bean
  4. Medicinal herbs and spices: cinnamon, turmeric, betel nut  

Contact :

Trang Horticultural Research Center

Si-Kao, Trang, 92150

Tel  : 66 7 520 3248, 66 7 520 3394, 66 8 1373 0930  Fax : 66 7 520 3248 -103, 66 7 520 3394-103

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Yala Horticulture Research Center

Yala HRC was established in 1954 as Yala Rubber Experiment Station. In 2001, it has been upgraded and renamed Than To Hortcultural Research Station. After that, it has been upgraded and renamed again as Yala Horticultural Research Centre since 2015. The centre is approximately 1,140 km. south of Bangkok and Chumporn. It is located at 6°10´ N and 101°10´ E at the elevation of 100-200 m. The total area is approximately 161.44 hectares. Yala HRC has tropical climate with an average annual rainfall of 1,800-2,000 mm. and 80% of relative humidity.  The mean annual temperature is 27.0°C while the minimum and maximum temperatures are 22.6°C and 32.0°C, respectively.

Yala HRC is responsible for research works on commercial horticultural crops in the southern region as follow:

  1. Fruit crops: longkong, mangosteen, durian, banana, rambutan
  2. Ornamental crops: torch ginger, anthurium
  3. Industrial fruit crops: Robusta coffee 

Contact :

Yala Horticultural Research Center

Than To, Than To, Yala, 95150

Tel  : 66 7 320 6121, 66 9 3615 0707  Fax : 66 7 329 7034

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